Laurence Goury, kicked off the workshop “Bibliography, research and organization”.
The bibliographic approach is one of the components of the scientific approach: a researcher does not arrive alone in research with a brilliant idea but relies on the sum of knowledge produced before him. This implies being aware of the knowledge produced, and therefore knowing how to look for it, find it, and use it. However, bibliographic skills are rarely taught explicitly at university.
Moreover, the current context of scientific production is characterized by an exponential increase in the number of publications available on publishers’ platforms, in large bibliographic databases and in the world of Open Access: it is difficult for a researcher to grasp all of the publications in his or her field and to exploit them. A bibliographic reference management tool is now a must in the researcher’s toolbox, just like a word processor, a spreadsheet or a statistical software.
Finally, the world of scientific publication, although very conservative in certain aspects, is evolving rapidly and requires constant adaptation by its actors. Closely linked to the issue of bibliographic research, knowledge of the world of scientific publication and its new forms (predatory publishers, preprint servers, peer reviewing platforms, etc.), whether recommendable or not, is a fundamental building block of researchers’ transversal skills.
The training module on the bibliographic approach aims at understanding this approach and this knowledge in its various aspects:
- Ethical: to do a good bibliographic research in order to do a good research; to avoid plagiarism; to know how to cite one’s sources and to elaborate a relevant bibliography;
- Methodological: knowing how to express one’s research subject in key words and research equation, knowing the sources of scientific information research and evaluating their scientific validity;
- Theoretical: to know the world of scientific publication and its new forms; to understand the stakes of open science in order to become its actors
- Technical: master a free open source bibliographic reference management tool, Zotero, to collect, organize and exploit scientific information while saving time.